The kidneys have different important functions in the body, one of which is to filter waste and collect water from the blood. When the renal artery carries blood into the kidneys, it is filtered so that the necessary substances are reabsorbed and those considered as waste are excreted as urine.
The urinary tract, just like the rest of our body systems and organs, are designed to fight infection caused by microorganisms like bacteria, viruses, and fungi. However, certain conditions could lead to failure of the urinary tract from preventing infection.
Urinary tract infection is caused by the presence of bacteria in the urinary tract at uncontrolled levels. When they get lodged into the walls of the urethra and multiply, infection may happen.
When one gets urinary tract infections, the following are the things that he or she can expect to feel.
* You could have the feeling of needing to urinate frequently and urgently. There may be times that you will pass only small amounts of urine even if you really feel that your bladder is full.
* Incontinence may occur.
* You could experience a sharp pain or a burning sensation when urine is passed.
* You could experience pain in the back or abdominal area.
* Your urine could be either milky or cloudy.
* You could also see presence of blood in the urine.
* Your urine could have a bad-smelling odor.
* You could also have fever though this not very common. Fever could indicate that the infection is not in the urethra or in the bladder, but in the upper urinary tract or the kidneys.
* You could feel very tired and weak.
* You could experience nausea and vomiting.
Seeing these signs and symptoms will not tell you outright that you have urinary tract infections because these signs and symptoms are also true for other urinary tract problems like kidney stones and kidney cancer.
Therefore, if you experience any of these signs and symptoms, it would be good to see your doctor immediately so that proper diagnosis can be done.
Urinary tract infection can be identified through urinalysis. The doctor will determine if there is a presence of pus and bacteria in the urine. To rule out the possibility of urine being contaminated by bacteria that may be present in the genital area.
You will be asked to wash up the genital area first before collecting urine. You will also be asked to collect a midstream sample in a sterile container.
If bacteria are present in the urine, it will be collected and grown in a culture. This will then be examined to know which antibiotic to use.
Most of the time, you would only need just a few days to cure the infection. But there are instances where the doctor will ask you to extend medication for a week or two.
It is important that antibiotics be completed as prescribed by the doctor even if the signs and symptoms are no longer present. This is to ensure that the bacteria are completely eliminated.